Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate (E1442) – Properties and Common Uses

Author Joanna Sikorska
Reading time 7 minut
Publication date 05 January 2023

What is Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate (E1442)?

Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate is a modified starch. It is better known as a food additive called E1442. It is obtained by treating native starch with propylene oxide and phosphoric acid or phosphorus oxychloride. Such hydroxypropylation leads to the composition of that starch, more precisely to the substitution of the hydroxyl groups by 2-hydroxypropyl ether.

After modification, E1442 has better properties than native starch and finds application in various industries. However, E1442 is not a genetically modified organism, because the modification of its properties is done just by physical, enzymatic and chemical methods. Do you want to learn more about the properties of Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate (E1442) and its common uses? Then be sure to read on!

E1442 properties

E1442 has the form of a white powder. It has a typical odor of starch. This additive dissolves in hot water and swells in cold or warm water. It does not dissolve in fats and ethanol.

As a modified starch, E1442 is stable to heat, acids, alkalis and starch-degrading enzymes. It is also resistant to high temperatures and has very good freeze-thaw properties, which are important for giving the product better color and gloss.

E1442 is able to combine ingredients that are incompatible in structure and properties into a homogeneous mixture.

What is more, E1442 does not release glucose in the small intestine, which helps to lower insulin or glucose levels after meals. This also keeps appetite stable and limits the production of fat cells.

E1442 functions

E1442 plays numerous roles in the food or cosmetic industry due to its properties. E1442 can act as:

  • stabilizer – it ensures that the physical properties of products are maintained and that a mixture remains in a uniform state,
  • emulsifier – it forms an emulsion by allowing the mixing of two immiscible liquids such as water and oil,
  • thickener – it gives the liquid more texture by increasing its viscosity.

As you can see, the main functions of E1442 revolve around bringing a mixture to a homogeneous state, which is useful in many industries.

Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate uses 

Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate uses

Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate is obviously widely used in the food industry, then it is known as E1442. It is said to change the texture and appearance of products and also has an effect on the length of shelf life.

Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate is also useful in the manufacture of skin and hair care products. It helps thicken the presence of water, especially when cosmetics are chemically modified. Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate also improves moisture and oil absorption, reduces greasiness and provides a silky feel. These are very important properties that give esthetic benefits to lotions or creams.

What is more, Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate is important in the manufacture of building materials. In this industry, its ability to dissolve water and maintain shape and viscosity is used. This modified starch is also used in the oil and gas industry as a component of coolants and lubricants.

Due to its performance and resistance to high temperatures, Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate is also used in the paper, textile and wood processing industries.

E1442 food additive

E1442 is found in many food products. It is widely utilized in the production of sauces, gravies, or fruit pie fillings because it thickens texture and forms gels without the need for heating.

In the dairy industry, E1442 is used in the production of cottage cheese, cream, yogurt and ice cream, as it allows for the viscous consistency of the final product. It is also an ingredient in many canned fish, vegetables or fruit.

E1442 is found in frozen products such as ice cream or ready meals due to its very good freeze-thaw properties – after thawing and freezing, foods do not lose flavor and have a more uniform texture and color.

E1442 may appear to some to be harmful to health, but that is far from the truth. This food additive is approved by the European Union and does not cause any harmful effects when consumed properly. If you think this substance can fuel your business, fill out the form and one of our traders will get back to you shortly with an unobjectionable proposal. 

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