Collagen and Its Use in Cosmetics and Medicine

Author Dorota Cłapa
Reading time 6 minut
Publication date 08 December 2022

What is Collagen?

Collagen is the most common building protein of animal organisms. It occurs naturally in the human body and makes up about 30% of all human proteins. Collagen is a kind of glue that binds all cells together – it is the building block of skin, bones, teeth, tendons, cartilage or the cornea of the eye

Collagen is made up of three polypeptide chains that together form a helix, called the triple helix, known as collagen helix. Many types of collagen are distinguished, differing in structure and functionality.

Collagen properties

Collagen has many properties that are useful to humans and used in industry. Its most important function is to maintain the proper structure of human tissues and organs. Collagen proteins act to fill the intercellular spaces and provide mechanical strength to tissues. In addition, collagen gives hardness and elasticity to the tissues.

Collagen is also involved in the process of blood clotting, which contributes to wound healing, and supports the body’s defense against pathogens and dangerous toxins.

In addition, the properties of Collagen are also used in metabolic processes. This protein enables the conversion of glucose into energy, which promotes weight loss. It also affects the joints, as it moisturizes them, which delays the process of their degeneration.

Looking at the properties of Collagen, it is not surprising that it is called the protein of youth. Thanks to its properties, it keeps the skin smooth, elastic and moist, ensures that joints function properly, wounds heal faster and bones grow together. In addition, it is worth noting that in young, healthy people Collagen is regularly replaced and rebuilt, but after about 25 years its synthesis decreases.

Collagen – application in cosmetics

Since many people want to maintain a youthful appearance for as long as possible, it was decided to use the properties of Collagen in the cosmetics industry. It is mainly used in the production of creams, masks or gels. Collagen is not absorbed by the skin, but it has been shown to form a hydrophilic film on the skin that prevents water loss. This, in turn, slows down the aging process of the skin, but also protects it from external influences.

Dermocosmetics that have an anti-acne effect also contain Collagen. It regulates the sebaceous glands so that they do not clog. Moreover, Collagen obtained from fish has anti-inflammatory effect, which is also important for acne-prone skin. Thanks to its properties, Collagen also helps to smooth the scars that remain after acne.

Collagen is also an ingredient in many hair care products, such as masks and conditioners. They have a regenerating effect on the hair, reduce the risk of hair breakage and increase the moisture content of the hair. However, remember that this is only an external effect.

Collagen - application in medicine

Collagen – application in medicine

The inhibition of skin aging that collagen causes is used not only in cosmetics, but also in esthetic medicine. Collagen is mainly used as a filler that, when placed under the skin, smooths wrinkles and increases skin tone. Its use further stimulates the production of this protein in the skin. In addition, when applied to subcutaneous tissues, localized fat reduction or cellulite smoothing can be achieved.

Collagen is also used in sports medicine. Any muscle or tendon injury can be naturally restored with the help of Collagen injections.

As mentioned earlier, Collagen contributes to wound healing as it is involved in the process of blood clotting. It also plays an important role in the process of bone fusion after bone fractures. In addition, Collagen can be supplemented and is especially recommended for people with joint and bone problems. 

Collagen – the most important structural protein

As you can see, Collagen has many beneficial properties, and for good reason, because it is the most important protein in the animal body. It has many industrial applications – it is mainly used in medicine and cosmetics. Since it can also be used as a dietary supplement, it is also used in the pharmaceutical industry.

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